The 22nd Battalion

The 22nd Battalion

The war was on! In September 1, 1939, barely 20 years after the end of World War I, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany the day after Nazi troops invaded Poland. Canada followed suit on September 10. The Royal 22e Régiment rapidly mobilized to take part in the conflict.

After a few months' training, the troops left the citadel on December 8, 1939 for Halifax, where they boarded ship for Great Britain. For more than three years, the Royal 22e Régiment defended England's shores from potential German invasion. Some members of the Regiment even had the privilege of mounting guard at Buckingham Palace for a few days in spring 1940!

The Regiment first saw action in 1943. Accompanied by US and British troops, the Royal 22e Régiment took part in the Allied invasion of Sicily, which triggered winning back Italy. It was during the Italian Campaign that Captain Paul Triquet, recipient of the Victoria Cross, showed ''valour in the face of the enemy''.

While the 22e was in Europe, La Citadelle remained an active site. Housing the Eastern Québec Headquarters, the fortress hosted the Quebec Conferences of 1943 and 1944, in which US President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill discussed military strategy, including preparation of the Normandy landings planned for June 1944.

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