Under british rule

Under british rule

After the French defeat in 1759, the first British Governor, General James Murray, inherited his predecessors' problems: Québec City’s fortifications were insufficient and in a sorry state. Construction of Chaussegros de Léry's wall, begun in 1745, had not been completed before the arrival of the British.

Like his rivals, Murray advocated the construction of...a citadel! The similarities don't end there - London also rejected the idea of building a fortress atop Cap Diamant for many years, deeming the project too costly.

However, the British were proactive, wishing to protect their Canadian acquisitions. Construction of a first temporary, wooden citadel began in 1779. A second, permanent citadel, the one we know today, was built a few decades later, in 1831.

La Citadelle was also a community. Soldiers, sometimes accompanied by their families, settled in the casemates, where they very often lived in poverty. The military was housed in the fortress until November 1871, when the British left La Citadelle, making way for Canadian troops, who would henceforth ensure their country's defence.

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