The French regime

The French regime

La Citadelle de Québec...a French idea? Absolutely! In 1722, Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry, the King's engineer in New France, was the first to draw up plans for a citadel on the heights of Cap Diamant. France, the motherland, deemed the project rather useless and far too costly. As a result, it did not come to be under French rule.

Why did Chaussegros de Léry want to build a fortress in Québec City? Did the city not already have a defence system? Let's take a look…

In New France, Québec City was the key to the colony. The administrative capital and economic centre, where food supplies and goods transited, Québec City naturally became the target of threats, attacks and sieges.

Since Québec City's founding in 1608, many protective fortifications had been proposed: ramparts, redoubts, batteries, forts, palisades, strongholds, etc. Few were accepted by the city. Twice besieged by the British (in 1629 and 1690), Québec remained un unfortified city,at the mercy of its enemies.

With France and Great Britain at loggerheads again in the Seven Years' War, emergency work was done to protect the city from an attempted British invasion. However, the existing (incomplete) fortifications were of no use in the decisive battle of September 13, 1759. New France surrendered once and for all one year later.

 For more info

#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#